The Centre for Direct Democracy Studies (CDDS) – a research unit within the Department of Political Science at the University of Białystok – was established in December 2011 by decision of Faculty Board. The Centre is devoted to analytical, theoretical, prospective and comparative research on direct democracy (especially the notions of citizens’ initiative and referendum), democratic deficit and the role of direct democracy in regional integration. Geographically, the Centre is particularly interested in Central and Eastern Europe, the European Union and its Member States, and other emerging supranational organizations.

The Centre takes an interdisciplinary approach and therefore combines experts in legal, political and social sciences. The Centre was established in order to foster and institutionalise the research on direct democracy in Eastern Europe. The Centre’s work focuses on research, teaching and policy advice. The Centre’s working languages are English and Polish. The Centre is home to "European Integration and Democracy Series" (Intersentia)


Chair - dr hab. Elżbieta Kużelewska, prof. UwB - Direct democracy, European integration, Contemporary political systems.

Senior and postdoctoral researchers:

Dr hab. Izabela Kraśnicka, prof. UwB - International aviation law, Legal System of the United States, Law of the European Union, legal education.
Dr hab. Artur Olechno, prof. UwB - Political systems of the central and eastern european countries, Political systems of UE countries, Governing bodies, Local government.
Dr hab. Andrzej Jackiewicz, prof. UwB - Sources of Law, Right to Good Administration, Territorial Organization of European States, Federalism, Unitarism, Contemporary political systems

Doctoral researchers:
mgr Mariusz Tomaszuk
Visiting Researchers:
Dr Bernhard Kitous – EHESS-Cemi (École des hautes études en sciences sociales – Centre d'études des modes d'industrialisation), Paris; Science Po, Rennes.
Prof. Dr Haluk Kabaalioglu – Yeditepe University, Istanbul.
Dr Bogusia Puchalska – Lancashire Law School, Preston.
Freelance Researchers:
Prof. Dr Maria Marczewska-Rytko, Maria Curie-Sklodowska Univerity, Lublin - Direct Democracy, Populism, Religion and Politics, European Integration, Social Thought and Political Movements
Dr hab. Magdalena Musiał-Karg, Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań - Direct Democracy, E-democracy, Contemporary Political Systems
Maaike Geuens, Universiteit Antwerpen, Belgium - Constitutional law (national/European), History of law, European Union Law
Dr Dariusz Kloza, Human Rights Centre, University of Gent, Belgium - Fundamental rights, Privacy, Data Protection
Ioulia Konstantinou, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Belgium - Data Protection & Privacy Impact Assessments
Dr Franciszek Strzyczkowski, University of Lodz School of law and Lazarski University - Theory of the European Union, International Public Law, Comparative Constitutional Law
Disinformation and Digital Media as a Challenge for Democracy, Georgios Terzis, Dariusz Kloza, Elzbieta Kuzelewska, Daniel Trottier, 2020.

Further information

Irregular Migration as a Challenge for Democracy, Elżbieta Kużelewska, Amy Weatherburn, Dariusz Kloza (eds.), European Integration and Democracy Series, vol. 5, Intersentia Cambridge 2018.

Further information

Trans-Atlantic Data Privacy Relations as a Challenge for Democracy, Dan J.B. Svantesson and Kloza Dariusz (eds.), European Integration and Democracy Series, Vol. 4, Intersentia Cambridge 2017.


Further information

European Judicial Systems as a Challenge for Democracy, Elzbieta Kuzelewska, Dariusz Kloza, Izabela Krasnicka, Franciszek Strzyczkowski (eds.), Intersentia Cambridge 2015.
​Elections to the E​uropean ​Parliament as a Challenge for Democracy , E. Kużelewska, D. Kloza (eds.), Warszawa-Białystok 2012.
The Challenges of Modern Democracy and European integration, E. Kużelewska, D. Kloza (eds), Warszawa 2011.
Elektroniczne referendum w Szwajcarii [Electronic referendum in Switzerland], Magdalena Musiał-Karg, Poznań 2012.

Download the book here

Proces ratyfikacji Traktatu ustanawiającego Konstytucję dla Europy i jego następstw
[The proces of ratification of the Treaty establishing Constitution for Europe and its resluts],
 E. Kużelewska, Warszawa 2011.



Download the book here 

Od wizji do rzeczywistości. Dziesięć lat dewolucji w Walii,
[From a vision to the reality. Ten years devolution in Wales]
B.H. Toszek, E. Kużelewska, Warszawa 2011.



Download the book here

Referendum w procesie integracji europejskiej [Referendum in the process of European integration],
E. Kużelewska, Warszawa 2006.



Dr Elżbieta Kużelewska took part in the conference devoted to direct democracy, 27-29.11.2014

CDDS freelance researcher Dariusz Kloza at the 12th International Conference Cyberspace 2014 (Brno, Czech Republic, 28-29 November 2014)

Keynote lectures of Lucas Melgaço and Dariusz Kloza at Łódź University (Łódź, Poland, 14 November 2014)

Two CDDS freelance researchers - Dr. Franciszek Strzyczkowski i Dariusz Kloza - took part in the 5th edition of Venice Academy of Human Rights devoted to Judicial Legitimacy and the Rule of Law (Venice, Italy, 7-14 July 2014)



ul. Mickiewicza 1, Białystok 15-213, Poland
phone: (­+48 85) 732 70 62
fax: (+48 85) 740 60 89